Your cottage septic system is the most important and integral component of your cottage or four season vacation home. Peak operating efficiency and effectiveness is the goal. Septic holding tanks should be inspected every two years and pumped out every 3 to 5 years depending on family loading and usage.
Visual inspection requires removing the concrete lids which are usually buried and also heavy. Installing a new concrete lid with a built in green plastic riser would make the septic far more accessible for ease of inspection and is now a requirement for all new septic installations.
The visual inspection will indicate the consistency of the surface scum. The sludge at the bottom should be no more than 1/3 the depth of the tank. Too full and the sludge and floating solids can flow into the weeping tile bed and cause blockages over time. Repairs to the tile bed can be expensive. If the septic tank has an effluent filter in the secondary chamber it should be inspected three times per year.
Septic sludge builds up in all septic tanks, and this sludge is the result of incomplete decomposition â€“ often caused by chemicals, detergents and other toxins that have been flushed into the tank, that have harmed or killed the beneficial bacteria and microbes that need to be present.
Over time the sludge builds up creating a BIO-MAT, causing odours, blockages, and backups or overflow onto your lawn. This is the Number #1 reason why septic systems fail, it can become an expensive problem to solve and can become a serious health threat.
Adding BIODESOLVE will assist in minimizing sludge build up and make your septic system work more efficiently.
Benefits of BIODESOLVE
• Reduces and maintains the bio-mat level
• Reduces odours and harmful gases providing a safer and more pleasant environment
• Breaks down the fats, oils, and greases in the scum layer
• Cleans the entire system â€“ from pipers to tank to drain field which means minimal maintenance
• Increases volume retention and storage capabilities of the septic tank or holding tank by reducing organic solids
• Stabilizes contaminants and nutrients resulting in a healthier environment for microbes to function optimally
• CERTIFIED SAFE by the ONTARIO MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT under there New Environmental Technologies Evaluation program
Water volume is a key consideration in any septic system. Usage of water conserving appliances (washing machines, dishwashers, toilets, shower heads and faucets) will minimize the stress on your septic system. Avoiding the use of Jacuzzi style bathtubs, spas and hot tubs which require huge volumes of water will eliminate the possibility of flushing sludge and solids out of the septic tank and into the weeping tile bed. Consider draining these appliances into a separate leaching pit.
Never stick your head into a septic tank, full or empty as it contains offgasses that may be harmful to your health and welfare.
The only vegetation growing over your septic weeping tile system should be grass. Lack of sunlight and tree roots are a weeping tile beds worst nightmare.
Do not use your septic system as a garbage disposal. Keep all solvents, coffee grounds, cooking fats/oils, disposal diapers, facial tissues, condoms, bleach, pesticides/herbicides, eaves trough runoff, sump pump discharge, dead pets, bandages, paints, automotive oil/grease, bones, paper towels, sanitary napkins, foundation drainage, carpet/upholstery cleaners, prescription medications, and auto/plumbers antifreeze out of the system.
Even bodily fluids from a person receiving radiation, chemo or high levels of antibiotics can potentially kill the natural bacteria in a septic system.
Information you need to keep accessible is the following:
• 1. A copy of the septic permit
• 2. Record of the last time the septic system was pumped out
• 3. Records of system maintenance ie repairs or recorded problems
• 4. Episodes of toilets backing up, slow draining, foul odours, effluent or soggy
• ground on the weeping bed or system freeze ups in winter
• 5. Potable water concerns (E-coli, coliform, nitrates) due to septic system
• leakage and infiltration into the well